Drawing Account Overview, Usage and Features, Accounting Entry

accounting for drawings

ABC Partnership distributes $5,000 per month to each of its two partners, and records this transaction with a credit to the cash account of $10,000 and a debit to the drawing account of $10,000. By the end of the year, this has resulted in a total draw of $120,000 from the partnership. The accountant transfers this balance to the owners’ equity account with a $120,000 credit to the drawing account and a $120,000 debit to the owners’ equity account. It’s an income to the business, recorded on its books (profit and loss account), but is also a personal expense for the owner which he will pay out of his capital investment. The intention of the drawings account is to track distributions to owners in a single year after which it is closed out with a credit and the balance will then be transferred to the owners’ equity account with a debit. The next year again, the drawings account is used to track the distributions.

The shopping for a girlfriend has nothing to do with the business. Hence, this particular expense with the cash of business shall be classified as drawing. A practical example of trading with a sole proprietor to better understand the concept of drawing accounts and their benefits. Assume the owner (Mr ABC) began the sole proprietorship business (XYZ Enterprises) with a $1000 investment/equity capital. Drawings are withdrawals made by the owner in accounting terms. As a result, the company’s financial statement will reflect a decline in assets equal to the amount withdrawn.

Are drawings assets or expenses?

Liability can simple be defined as entity’s present obligation in respect of which payment is outstanding. Such payment can be made either in cash or in kind but the fact is that obligation exists and outflow of resources is inevitable. Liability may arise in the ordinary course of business as a result of acquisitions made to further business operations like buying stock or other assets. Liabilities also arise if we have taken the benefits of services offered by others but haven’t paid the consideration for such services yet.

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But for reporting purposes, total of drawings account is subtracted from total of equity to let users know the net residual interest owners have in the organisation. As a temporary account, the balance of the drawings will be closed at the end of the accounting period, in the respective capital account. A debit in this case means that there is a decrease in the account. At the beginning of a new accounting period, the drawings account must have a zero balance. The journal entry below shows the closing entry and the balance transferred from the drawings account to the owner equity.

Recording – Journal Entry

Closing a sole proprietor’s subscription account Journal entries include a debit to the owner’s equity account and a credit to the subscription account. The drawing account is not an expense – rather, it represents a reduction of owners’ equity in the business. The drawing account is intended to track distributions to owners in a single year, after which it is closed out (with a credit) and the balance is transferred to the owners’ equity account (with a debit). The drawing account is then used again in the next year to track distributions in the following year. This means that the drawing account is a temporary account, rather than a permanent account. The typical accounting entry for the drawings account is a debit to the drawing account and a credit to the cash account (or whatever asset is being withdrawn).

accounting for drawings

Further, it helps an owner to assess how many business resources they have extracted for their personal use. Keep track of the money you withdraw for personal use easily with Debitoor bookkeeping software. If ABC takes money from the firm for personal use, the money is referred to as drawing. Owner draws are for personal use and do not constitute a business expense. This means, among other things, that they are not tax deductible. Finance Strategists is a leading financial literacy non-profit organization priding itself on providing accurate and reliable financial information to millions of readers each year.

What are drawings in accounting?

In the example above, we calculated interest on drawings for the full year because the money was drawn for a full year. On 1 January 2016, Mr. Black withdrew $2,000 in cash from his business for his personal use. In certain cases, drawings are treated as loans to the owner, with interest charged at the normal rate. The basic definition of an expense is money you spend to run your business. Revenue is money received from the sale of goods or services.

A leather manufacturer withdrew cash worth 5,000 from an official bank account for personal use. Post an appropriate journal entry for this scenario and also show journal entry for adjustment in the capital account. The drawing account represents a reduction of the business’ assets, as the assets in question are withdrawn and transferred to the owner for personal use. The accounting entry typically would be a debit to the drawing account and a credit to the cash account—or whatever asset is withdrawn. Expense can simply be defined as outflow of resources of entity in order to earn revenue or in other words a cash outflow with a purpose to generate cash inflow. In for-profit organisations cash outflow is made to generate higher cash inflow which ultimately increase shareholder’s wealth.


Drawings are sums a business owner takes for personal use in anticipation of profit. Drawings are typically done in cash, but the owner may withdraw other assets or items for his personal use. Profits made by the firm, on the other hand, increase the owner’s capital; drawings, on the other hand, decrease the quantity of capital. For small firms breaking your femur at rileys is potentially fatal withdrawals are ordinarily seen in the form of cash or business assets, however, if a business is incorporated they are often observed in the form of dividends or scrip dividends. It is a natural personal account out of the three types of personal accounts. A drawing acts similarly to a wage but is applied to sole traders or partners.

  • A leather manufacturer withdrew cash worth 5,000 from an official bank account for personal use.
  • Since the cash is part of the business’s assets, the transaction must be visible in its accounts.
  • If the shares of all shareholders are being repurchased in equal proportions, then there is no effect on relative ownership positions.
  • The transactions are identified by the date they were processed and recorded in the journal book.

What is the journal entry for drawings?

A journal entry to the drawing account consists of a debit to the drawing account and a credit to the cash account. A journal entry closing the drawing account of a sole proprietorship includes a debit to the owner's capital account and a credit to the drawing account.

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